This breed comes with a rags to riches story. Originally found chasing into burrows after mice, Yorkshire terriers eventually found themselves under the arms of the wealthiest women in high society. Today, they are fifth most popular breed in the United States, according to the AKC Dog Registration. Most of the Yorkshire terrier’s behavioral problems stem from the breed’s small size. However, when given the correct amount of discipline, this loyal and clever dog a great companion and protector. With physical and behavioral descriptions, below is a complete guide to this little dog with lots of energy.
Originating from Yorkshire, England, this breed is named after its origins. It was originally introduced to England in the 19th century by Scottish weavers. Yorkshire terriers started out as a working class dog that was used to catch rats in clothing mills and mines. Eventually, the breed made its way into high society. Women would carry Yorkshire terriers in bags under their arms as a sign of fashion.
Purse Sized Body
In appearance, the body and tail of a Yorkshire terrier are silvery blue in color. The remainder of the coat is tan. These terriers have long, soft hair that falls straight down on either side. To keep it out of food bowls and to protect vision, hair on top of the breed’s head often needs to be clipped or tied back with a band. Yorkshire terriers shed little to no hair and are very good for people allergies. However, they do need regular grooming and brushing on a daily or weekly basis.
With pointed ears and dark eyes, these dogs reach about seven inches in height and weigh in at around seven pounds. Their small size makes this breed excellent for apartments. They are very active indoors and don’t need a yard as long as taken for daily walks. Yorkshire terriers live up to 15 years in age. However, they are prone to bronchitis, eye infections and early tooth decay. They should have their teeth cleaned regularly and be given dry food or bones to help keep them strong.
Big Dog Energy
Yorkshire terriers offer lots of energy in a small package. These dogs are known as affectionate and brave companions. They are usually very sweet and good with small children. However, their small size makes it very easy for problems to develop. Because of their size, most Yorkshire terriers are not given the gentle discipline necessary and are prone to taking over households.
Without a dominant leader, these dogs become paranoid and demanding. They will be suspicious of new faces and aggressive toward other dogs. In their need for attention, Yorkshire terriers will develop jealous behaviors, such as snapping if frightened or surprised. This overprotective and demanding nature makes them unfit to be in the company of small children. However, these dogs are easy to train. They may be stubborn, but with good direction they are excellent companions.
Click here to learn more about dog breeds through taking a veterinary assistant course!